For virtually everyone regular exercise has a lot of benefits, especially for diabetics. Of course blood glucose levels must be kept in mind during and after training. Since training increases energy requirements, diabetics must adjust their food intake or use of medicines accordingly. Both patients suffering from diabetes type 1 and type 2 enjoy great benefits from a structured and regularly performed exercise plan consisting of both resistance and cardiovascular exercise. It is important that the training does not take to long because blood glucose levels can drop rapidly during training, and the training should be of sufficient intensity.
When a diabetes type 2 patient trains well, not only muscle strength and endurance will increase, but the risk of developing cardiovascular disease drops considerably as well. Both resistance and endurance exercise improve body composition and help losing weight, which is another important factor since a large percentage of diabetes type 2 patients are overweight or obese.
In addition, insulin sensitivity will increase, helping delay or prevent complications of type 2 diabetes. The increase in insulin sensitivity can also help decrease the amount of medicines or even make them completely unnecessary, (mostly in beginning diabetes type 2). Decreasing medication should be done only after consulting your doctor, as not everyone is able to increase their insulin sensitivity sufficiently by training, but it is possible.
In conclusion, research has shown that both resistance and cardiovascular exercise offer diabetics great health benefits, which can reduce or prevent complications of the disease and reduce medicine requirements.
Source: Fitness Science